lshd.c 11.2 KB
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/* lshd.c
 *
 * main server program.
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 *
 * $Id$ */
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/* lsh, an implementation of the ssh protocol
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 Niels Mller
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
 * License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */
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#include "algorithms.h"
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#include "alist.h"
#include "atoms.h"
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#include "channel.h"
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#include "charset.h"
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#include "crypto.h"
#include "format.h"
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#include "io.h"
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#include "password.h"
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#include "randomness.h"
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#include "reaper.h"
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#include "server.h"
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#include "server_keyexchange.h"
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#include "sexp.h"
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#include "ssh.h"
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#include "userauth.h"
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#include "werror.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
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#include "compress.h"
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#include "server_pty.h"
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#include "getopt.h"

#include "lshd.c.x"

#include <assert.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
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#if HAVE_UNISTD_H
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#include <unistd.h>
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#endif
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/* Block size for stdout and stderr buffers */
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#define BLOCK_SIZE 32768

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void usage(void) NORETURN;
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#define OPT_SSH1_FALLBACK -2

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void usage(void)
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{
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  wwrite("lshd [options]\n"
	 " -p,  --port=PORT\n"
	 " -h,  --hostkey=KEYFILE\n"
	 " -c,  --crypto=ALGORITHM\n"
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	 " -z,  --compression[=ALGORITHM]\n"
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	 "      --mac=ALGORITHM\n"
	 " -q,  --quiet\n"
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#if WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK
         "      --ssh1-fallback=SSHD\n"
#endif
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	 " -v,  --verbose\n"
	 "      --debug\n");
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  exit(1);
}

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#if 0
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struct signer *secret_key;
struct lsh_string *public_key;

/* A key generated by gnupg */
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static void init_host_key(struct randomness *r)
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{
  mpz_t p, q, g, y, a;
  mpz_t tmp;
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  struct lsh_string *s;
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  mpz_init_set_str(p,
		   "BC7797D55CF2449CA4B02396246AF5C75CA38C52B6F2E543"
		   "6754198B137B25B0A81DFE269D5CDFD0AEA290A32BA5B918"
		   "B58D64762D40EAA8D70F282B3AC4A7771171B1B1D1AE89F4"
		   "1CD091FE95A6F42A2340081F9E97A4B5F953DE223F10F878"
		   "4C0619A9979643E5325DF71C9C088F3BC82FA0A6C47B5C64"
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		   "BC07A31B9CDB2B07", 16);
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  mpz_init_set_str(q,
		   "867F7E6563B3FAF19B65C83E9B843150C5CC2201", 16);
  mpz_init_set_str(g,
		   "7FA83EAEDFD8679A4A80C869AD7E353F3B517569C2079C79"
		   "97EA6655764581B073F71AA15C07A789AEB213B106741AAB"
		   "CA81B8300B1F8510D3CD1C3D9D7D11640C1608E8E2E71527"
		   "68B8FDCB5544E29A020D14CC5C12E264C59E57E9F6832DA7"
		   "10B805CD9866C1110D60069D31D5A72D1A1ED96F2B11CFEF"
		   "7AB347F0632CB0C7", 16);
  mpz_init_set_str(y,
		   "2DA5B458DF3616097FA22DB6BDDD31A29E532054D4C208F7"
		   "EBF63EB2476E8E98E0885CFBC5669B56EC834E42058E8BCF"
		   "C259CA1BE981D7721306709499DE27E7B13F62359D9520D1"
		   "3D73C62E8E5C5F6B8E2C70217EC3B557FBCB98535BE3C6EE"
		   "0C71DEC1FE9C6791D3780DD8D593D5030969D303A5818B01"
		   "C4B855C07E8C4F64", 16);
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  mpz_init_set_str(a,
		   "295190AEDBBD6EBD2F817F7D8CCC8B0095DCD82E", 16);
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  mpz_init_set(tmp, g);
  mpz_powm(tmp, tmp, a, p);
  if (mpz_cmp(tmp, y))
    fatal("Test key invalid\n");

  mpz_clear(tmp);

  public_key = ssh_format("%a%n%n%n%n", ATOM_SSH_DSS, p, q, g, y);
  s = ssh_format("%n", a);

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  secret_key = MAKE_SIGNER(make_dsa_algorithm(r),
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			   public_key->length, public_key->data,
			   s->length, s->data);

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  if (!secret_key)
    fatal("Can't parse secret key\n");

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  lsh_string_free(s);
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  mpz_clear(p);
  mpz_clear(q);
  mpz_clear(g);
  mpz_clear(y);
  mpz_clear(a);
}
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#endif

/* FIXME: We should have some more general functions for reading private keys. */

/* CLASS:
   (class
     (name read_key)
     (super sexp_handler)
     (vars
       (random object randomness)
       (secret pointer (object signer))
       (public pointer (string))))
*/

static int do_read_key(struct sexp_handler *h, struct sexp *private)
{
  CAST(read_key, closure, h);
  struct sexp_iterator *i;
  struct sexp *e;
  mpz_t p, q, g, y, x;

  int res;
  
  if (!sexp_check_type(private, "private-key", &i))
    {
      werror("lshd: Host key file does not contain a private key.");
      return LSH_FAIL | LSH_DIE;
    }

  e = SEXP_GET(i);
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  if (! (e && sexp_check_type(e, "dsa", &i)))
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    {
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      werror("lshd: Unknown key type (only dsa is supported)\n");
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      return LSH_FAIL | LSH_DIE;
    }

  mpz_init(p);
  mpz_init(q);
  mpz_init(g);
  mpz_init(y);
  mpz_init(x);

  if (sexp_get_un(i, "p", p)
      && sexp_get_un(i, "q", q)
      && sexp_get_un(i, "g", g)
      && sexp_get_un(i, "y", y)
      && sexp_get_un(i, "x", x)
      && !SEXP_GET(i))
    {
      /* Test key */
      mpz_t tmp;
      struct lsh_string *s;
      
      mpz_init_set(tmp, g);
      mpz_powm(tmp, tmp, x, p);
      if (mpz_cmp(tmp, y))
	{
	  werror("lshd: Host key doesn't work.\n");
	  mpz_clear(tmp);

	  res = LSH_FAIL | LSH_DIE;
	}
      else
	{
	  struct lsh_string *public
	    = ssh_format("%a%n%n%n%n", ATOM_SSH_DSS, p, q, g, y);
	  struct signer *secret;
	  	  
	  s = ssh_format("%n", x);
	  
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	  secret = MAKE_SIGNER(make_dsa_algorithm(closure->random),
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			       public->length, public->data,
			       s->length, s->data);
	  assert(secret);
	  lsh_string_free(s);

	  *closure->public = public;
	  *closure->secret = secret;

	  verbose("lshd: Using (public) hostkey:\n  p=");
	  verbose_mpz(p);
	  verbose("\n  q=");
	  verbose_mpz(q);
	  verbose("\n  g=");
	  verbose_mpz(g);
	  verbose("\n  y=");
	  verbose_mpz(y);
	  verbose("\n");
		  
	  res = LSH_OK | LSH_CLOSE;
	}
    }
  else
    res = LSH_FAIL | LSH_DIE;

  /* Cleanup */
  mpz_clear(p);
  mpz_clear(q);
  mpz_clear(g);
  mpz_clear(y);
  mpz_clear(x);

  return res;
}

static int read_host_key(const char *name,
			 struct lsh_string **public,
			 struct signer **secret,
			 struct randomness *r)
{
  int fd = open(name, O_RDONLY);
  if (fd < 0)
    {
      werror("lshd: Could not open %s (errno = %d): %s\n",
	     name, errno, strerror(errno));
      return 0;
    }
  else
    {
      int res;
      
      NEW(read_key, handler);
      handler->super.handler = do_read_key;
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      handler->random = r;
      handler->public = public;
      handler->secret = secret;
      
      res = blocking_read(fd, make_read_sexp(&handler->super,
					     2000, SEXP_TRANSPORT, 0));
      close(fd);

      KILL(handler);
      
      if (LSH_FAILUREP(res))
	{
	  werror("lshd: Invalid host key.\n");
	  return 0;
	}

      return 1;
    }
}
  
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int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
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  char *host = NULL;  /* Interface to bind */
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  char *port = "ssh";
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  char *hostkey = "/etc/lsh_host_key";

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#if WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK
  char *sshd1 = NULL;
#endif
  
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  struct lsh_string *public_key = NULL; 
  struct signer *secret_key = NULL;
  
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  int option;

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  int preferred_crypto = 0;
  int preferred_compression = 0;
  int preferred_mac = 0;
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  struct sockaddr_in local;
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  struct reap *reaper;
  
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  struct randomness *r;
  struct diffie_hellman_method *dh;
  struct keyexchange_algorithm *kex;
  struct alist *algorithms;
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  struct make_kexinit *make_kexinit;
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  struct packet_handler *kexinit_handler;
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  NEW(io_backend, backend);

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  /* For filtering messages. Could perhaps also be used when converting
   * strings to and from UTF8. */
  setlocale(LC_CTYPE, "");
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  /* FIXME: Choose character set depending on the locale */
  set_local_charset(CHARSET_LATIN1);
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  r = make_reasonably_random();
  dh = make_dh1(r);
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  algorithms = many_algorithms(1,
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			       ATOM_SSH_DSS, make_dsa_algorithm(r),
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			       -1);

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  for (;;)
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    {
      static struct option options[] =
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      {
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	{ "verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v' },
	{ "quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q' },
	{ "debug", no_argument, &debug_flag, 1},
	{ "port", required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
	{ "crypto", required_argument, NULL, 'c' },
	{ "compression", optional_argument, NULL, 'z'},
	{ "mac", required_argument, NULL, 'm' },
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	{ "hostkey", required_argument, NULL, 'h' },
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#if WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK
	{ "ssh1-fallback", optional_argument, NULL, OPT_SSH1_FALLBACK},
#endif
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	{ NULL }
      };
      
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      option = getopt_long(argc, argv, "c:h:p:qvz::", options, NULL);
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      switch(option)
	{
	case -1:
	  goto options_done;
	case 0:
	  break;
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#if WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK
	case OPT_SSH1_FALLBACK:
	  sshd1 = optarg ? optarg : SSHD1;
	  break;
#endif
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	case 'p':
	  port = optarg;
	  break;
	case 'q':
	  quiet_flag = 1;
	  break;
	case 'v':
	  verbose_flag = 1;
	  break;
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	case 'h':
	  hostkey = optarg;
	  break;
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	case 'c':
	  preferred_crypto = lookup_crypto(algorithms, optarg);
	  if (!preferred_crypto)
	    {
	      werror("lsh: Unknown crypto algorithm '%s'.\n", optarg);
	      exit(1);
	    }
	  break;
	case 'z':
	  if (!optarg)
	    optarg = "zlib";
	
	  preferred_compression = lookup_compression(algorithms, optarg);
	  if (!preferred_compression)
	    {
	      werror("lsh: Unknown compression algorithm '%s'.\n", optarg);
	      exit(1);
	    }
	  break;
	case 'm':
	  preferred_mac = lookup_mac(algorithms, optarg);
	  if (!preferred_mac)
	    {
	      werror("lsh: Unknown message authentication algorithm '%s'.\n",
		      optarg);
	      exit(1);
	    }
	    
	case '?':
	  usage();
	}
    }
 options_done:
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  if ( (argc - optind) != 0)
    usage();

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  /* Read the hostkey */
  if (!read_host_key(hostkey, &public_key, &secret_key, r))
    {
      return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }

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  if (!get_inaddr(&local, host, port, "tcp"))
    {
      fprintf(stderr, "No such host or service");
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      return EXIT_FAILURE;
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    }

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  init_backend(backend);
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  reaper = make_reaper();
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  kex = make_dh_server(dh, public_key, secret_key);
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  ALIST_SET(algorithms, ATOM_DIFFIE_HELLMAN_GROUP1_SHA1, kex);

  make_kexinit
    = make_simple_kexinit(r,
			  make_int_list(1, ATOM_DIFFIE_HELLMAN_GROUP1_SHA1, -1),
			  make_int_list(1, ATOM_SSH_DSS, -1),
			  (preferred_crypto
			   ? make_int_list(1, preferred_crypto, -1)
			   : default_crypto_algorithms()),
			  (preferred_mac
			   ? make_int_list(1, preferred_mac, -1)
			   : default_mac_algorithms()),
			  (preferred_compression
			   ? make_int_list(1, preferred_compression, -1)
			   : default_compression_algorithms()),
			  make_int_list(0, -1));
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  kexinit_handler = make_kexinit_handler
    (CONNECTION_SERVER,
     make_kexinit, algorithms,
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     make_meta_service
     (make_alist
      (1, ATOM_SSH_USERAUTH,
       make_userauth_service
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       (make_int_list(1, ATOM_PASSWORD, -1),
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	make_alist(1, ATOM_PASSWORD,
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		   make_unix_userauth
		   (make_alist(1,
			       ATOM_SSH_CONNECTION,
			       make_server_session_service
			       (make_alist(0, -1),
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				make_alist(2, 
					   ATOM_SHELL, make_shell_handler(backend, reaper),
					   ATOM_PTY_REQ, make_pty_handler(),
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					   -1)),
			       -1)),
		   -1)),
       -1)));
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  if (!io_listen(backend, &local, 
	    make_server_callback(backend,
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				 "lsh - a free ssh",
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#if WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK
				 sshd1 ? make_ssh1_fallback (sshd1) :
#endif /* WITH_SSH1_FALLBACK */
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				 NULL,
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				 SSH_MAX_PACKET,
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				 r, make_kexinit,
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				 kexinit_handler)))
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    {
      werror("lsh: Connection failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
      return 1;
    }
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  reaper_run(reaper, backend);
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  return 0;
}