rsa.h 5.69 KB
Newer Older
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
/* rsa.h
 *
 * The RSA publickey algorithm.
 */

/* nettle, low-level cryptographics library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001 Niels Mller
 *  
 * The nettle library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 * 
 * The nettle library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with the nettle library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
 * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
 * MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */
 
#ifndef NETTLE_RSA_H_INCLUDED
#define NETTLE_RSA_H_INCLUDED

#include <inttypes.h>
#include <gmp.h>

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
32
33
34
#include "md5.h"
#include "sha.h"

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
/* Randomness function. This typedef doesn't really belong here, but
 * so far it's used only by rsa functions (encryption and key
 * generation) */
typedef void (*nettle_random_func)(void *ctx,
				   unsigned length, uint8_t *dst);


42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
/* For PKCS#1 to make sense, the size of the modulo, in octets, must
 * be at least 11 + the length of the DER-encoded Digest Info.
 *
 * And a DigestInfo is 34 octets for md5, and 35 octets for sha1. 46
 * octets is 368 bits, and as the upper 7 bits may be zero, the
 * smallest useful size of n is 361 bits. */

#define RSA_MINIMUM_N_OCTETS 46
#define RSA_MINIMUM_N_BITS 361

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
52
53
struct rsa_public_key
{
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
54
55
56
57
58
  /* Size of the modulo, in octets. This is also the size of all
   * signatures that are created or verified with this key. */
  unsigned size;
  
  /* Modulo */
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
59
  mpz_t n;
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
60
61

  /* Public exponent */
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
62
63
64
65
66
  mpz_t e;
};

struct rsa_private_key
{
67
  unsigned size;
68
69
70
71

  /* d is filled in by the key generation function; otherwise it's
   * completely unused. */
  mpz_t d;
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
72
  
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
  /* The two factors */
  mpz_t p; mpz_t q;

  /* d % (p-1), i.e. a e = 1 (mod (p-1)) */
  mpz_t a;

  /* d % (q-1), i.e. b e = 1 (mod (q-1)) */
  mpz_t b;

  /* modular inverse of q , i.e. c q = 1 (mod p) */
  mpz_t c;
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
84
85
};

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
86
87
88
89
/* Signing a message works as follows:
 *
 * Store the private key in a rsa_private_key struct.
 *
90
 * Call rsa_prepare_private_key. This initializes the size attribute
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
 * to the length of a signature.
 *
 * Initialize a hashing context, by callling
 *   md5_init
 *
 * Hash the message by calling
 *   md5_update
 *
99
 * Create the signature by calling
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
100
101
 *   rsa_md5_sign
 *
102
103
104
 * The signature is represented as a mpz_t bignum. This call also
 * resets the hashing context.
 *
105
106
 * When done with the key and signature, don't forget to call
 * mpz_clear.
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
107
108
 */

109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
/* Calls mpz_init to initialize bignum storage. */
void
rsa_init_public_key(struct rsa_public_key *key);

/* Calls mpz_clear to deallocate bignum storage. */
void
rsa_clear_public_key(struct rsa_public_key *key);

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
117
int
118
rsa_prepare_public_key(struct rsa_public_key *key);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
119

120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
/* Calls mpz_init to initialize bignum storage. */
void
rsa_init_private_key(struct rsa_private_key *key);

/* Calls mpz_clear to deallocate bignum storage. */
void
rsa_clear_private_key(struct rsa_private_key *key);

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
128
int
129
rsa_prepare_private_key(struct rsa_private_key *key);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
130

131

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
132
133
134
135
/* PKCS#1 style signatures */
void
rsa_md5_sign(struct rsa_private_key *key,
             struct md5_ctx *hash,
136
             mpz_t signature);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
137
138
139
140
141


int
rsa_md5_verify(struct rsa_public_key *key,
               struct md5_ctx *hash,
142
	       const mpz_t signature);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
143
144
145
146

void
rsa_sha1_sign(struct rsa_private_key *key,
              struct sha1_ctx *hash,
147
              mpz_t signature);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
148
149
150
151

int
rsa_sha1_verify(struct rsa_public_key *key,
                struct sha1_ctx *hash,
152
		const mpz_t signature);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
153

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164

/* RSA encryption, using PKCS#1 */
/* FIXME: These functions uses the v1.5 padding. What should the v2
 * (OAEP) functions be called? */

/* Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure, which happens if the
 * message is too long for the key. */
int
rsa_encrypt(struct rsa_public_key *key,
	    /* For padding */
	    void *random_ctx, nettle_random_func random,
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
165
166
	    unsigned length, const uint8_t *cleartext,
	    mpz_t cipher);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174

/* Message must point to a buffer of size *LENGTH. KEY->size is enough
 * for all valid messages. On success, *LENGTH is updated to reflect
 * the actual length of the message. Returns 1 on success, 0 on
 * failure, which happens if decryption failed or if the message
 * didn't fit. */
int
rsa_decrypt(struct rsa_private_key *key,
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
175
176
	    unsigned *length, uint8_t *cleartext,
	    const mpz_t ciphertext);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
177
178


Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
179
/* Compute x, the e:th root of m. Calling it with x == m is allowed. */
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
180
void
181
rsa_compute_root(struct rsa_private_key *key, mpz_t x, const mpz_t m);
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
182

183
184

/* Key generation */
185
186
187
188
189
190

/* Progress report function. */
typedef void (*nettle_progress_func)(void *ctx,
				     int c);

/* Note that the key structs must be initialized first. */
191
192
int
rsa_generate_keypair(struct rsa_public_key *pub,
193
194
195
196
197
		     struct rsa_private_key *key,

		     void *random_ctx, nettle_random_func random,
		     void *progress_ctx, nettle_progress_func progress,

198
199
200
201
202
203
204
		     /* Desired size of modulo, in bits */
		     unsigned n_size,
		     
		     /* Desired size of public exponent, in bits. If
		      * zero, the passed in value pub->e is used. */
		     unsigned e_size);

205

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
#define RSA_SIGN(key, algorithm, ctx, length, data, signature) ( \
  algorithm##_update(ctx, length, data), \
  rsa_##algorithm##_sign(key, ctx, signature) \
)

#define RSA_VERIFY(key, algorithm, ctx, length, data, signature) ( \
  algorithm##_update(ctx, length, data), \
  rsa_##algorithm##_verify(key, ctx, signature) \
)
Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
215

Niels Möller's avatar
Niels Möller committed
216
#endif /* NETTLE_RSA_H_INCLUDED */