sexp.h 5.91 KB
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/* sexp.h
 *
 * Parsing s-expressions.
 */

/* nettle, low-level cryptographics library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2002 Niels Möller
 *  
 * The nettle library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 * 
 * The nettle library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with the nettle library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
 * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
 * MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */
 
#ifndef NETTLE_SEXP_H_INCLUDED
#define NETTLE_SEXP_H_INCLUDED

#include <inttypes.h>
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#include <stdarg.h>
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/* Name mangling */
#define sexp_iterator_first nettle_sexp_iterator_first
#define sexp_transport_iterator_first nettle_sexp_transport_iterator_first
#define sexp_iterator_next nettle_sexp_iterator_next
#define sexp_iterator_enter_list nettle_sexp_iterator_enter_list
#define sexp_iterator_exit_list nettle_sexp_iterator_exit_list
#define sexp_iterator_subexpr nettle_sexp_iterator_subexpr
#define sexp_iterator_get_uint32 nettle_sexp_iterator_get_uint32
#define sexp_iterator_check_type nettle_sexp_iterator_check_type
#define sexp_iterator_check_types nettle_sexp_iterator_check_types
#define sexp_iterator_assoc nettle_sexp_iterator_assoc
#define sexp_format nettle_sexp_format
#define sexp_vformat nettle_sexp_vformat
#define sexp_transport_format nettle_sexp_transport_format
#define sexp_transport_vformat nettle_sexp_transport_vformat
#define sexp_token_chars nettle_sexp_token_chars

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enum sexp_type
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  { SEXP_ATOM, SEXP_LIST, SEXP_END };
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struct sexp_iterator
{
  unsigned length;
  const uint8_t *buffer;
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  /* Points at the start of the current sub expression. */
  unsigned start;
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  /* If type is SEXP_LIST, pos points at the start of the current
   * element. Otherwise, it points at the end. */
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  unsigned pos;
  unsigned level;

  enum sexp_type type;
  
  unsigned display_length;
  const uint8_t *display;

  unsigned atom_length;
  const uint8_t *atom;
};


/* All these functions return 1 on success, 0 on failure */
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/* Initializes the iterator. */
int
sexp_iterator_first(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
		    unsigned length, const uint8_t *input);

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/* NOTE: Decodes the input string in place */
int
sexp_transport_iterator_first(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
			      unsigned length, uint8_t *input);

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int
sexp_iterator_next(struct sexp_iterator *iterator);

/* Current element must be a list. */
int
sexp_iterator_enter_list(struct sexp_iterator *iterator);

/* Skips the rest of the current list */
int
sexp_iterator_exit_list(struct sexp_iterator *iterator);

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#if 0
/* Skips out of as many lists as necessary to get back to the given
 * level. */
int
sexp_iterator_exit_lists(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
			 unsigned level);
#endif

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/* Gets start and length of the current subexpression. Implies
 * sexp_iterator_next. */
const uint8_t *
sexp_iterator_subexpr(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
		      unsigned *length);

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int
sexp_iterator_get_uint32(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
			 uint32_t *x);

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/* Checks the type of the current expression, which should be a list
 *
 *  (<type> ...)
 */
int
sexp_iterator_check_type(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
			 const uint8_t *type);

const uint8_t *
sexp_iterator_check_types(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
			  unsigned ntypes,
			  const uint8_t **types);

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/* Current element must be a list. Looks up element of type
 *
 *   (key rest...)
 *
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 * For a matching key, the corresponding iterator is initialized
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 * pointing at the start of REST.
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 *
 * On success, exits the current list.
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 */
int
sexp_iterator_assoc(struct sexp_iterator *iterator,
		    unsigned nkeys,
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		    const uint8_t **keys,
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		    struct sexp_iterator *values);

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/* Output functions. What is a reasonable API for this? It seems
 * ugly to have to reimplement string streams. */

/* Declared for real in buffer.h */
struct nettle_buffer;

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/* Returns the number of output characters, or 0 on out of memory. If
 * buffer == NULL, just compute length.
 *
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 * Format strings can contained matched parentheses, tokens ("foo" in
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 * the format string is formatted as "3:foo"), whitespace (which
 * separates tokens but is otherwise ignored) and the following
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 * formatting specifiers:
 *
 *   %s   String represented as unsigned length, const uint8_t *data.
 *
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 *   %t   Optional display type, represented as
 *        unsigned display_length, const uint8_t *display,
 *        display == NULL means no display type.
 *
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 *   %i   Non-negative small integer, uint32_t.
 *
 *   %b   Non-negative bignum, mpz_t.
 *
 *   %l   Literal string (no length added), typically a balanced
 *        subexpression. Represented as unsigned length, const uint8_t
 *        *data.
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 *
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 *   %(, %)  Allows insertion of unbalanced parenthesis.
 *
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 * Modifiers:
 *
 *   %0   For %s, %t and %l, says that there's no length argument,
 *        instead the string is NUL-terminated, and there's only one
 *        const uint8_t * argument.
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 */
 
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unsigned
sexp_format(struct nettle_buffer *buffer,
	    const char *format, ...);

unsigned
sexp_vformat(struct nettle_buffer *buffer,
	     const char *format, va_list args);

/* FIXME: Add argument LINE_WIDTH. If non-zero, break lines to at most
 * that width. */

unsigned
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sexp_transport_format(struct nettle_buffer *buffer,
		      const char *format, ...);

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unsigned
sexp_transport_vformat(struct nettle_buffer *buffer,
		       const char *format, va_list args);
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/* Classification for advanced syntax. */
extern const char
sexp_token_chars[0x80];

#define TOKEN_CHAR(c) ((c) < 0x80 && sexp_token_chars[(c)])

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#endif /* NETTLE_SEXP_H_INCLUDED */