rsa-encrypt.c 2.17 KB
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/* rsa_encrypt.c
 *
 * The RSA publickey algorithm. PKCS#1 encryption.
 */

/* nettle, low-level cryptographics library
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001 Niels Mller
 *  
 * The nettle library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 * 
 * The nettle library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with the nettle library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
 * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
 * MA 02111-1307, USA.
 */

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#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
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# include "config.h"
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#endif

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#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

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#include "rsa.h"

#include "bignum.h"
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#include "nettle-internal.h"
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int
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rsa_encrypt(const struct rsa_public_key *key,
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	    /* For padding */
	    void *random_ctx, nettle_random_func random,
	    unsigned length, const uint8_t *message,
	    mpz_t gibbberish)
{
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  TMP_DECL(em, uint8_t, NETTLE_MAX_BIGNUM_BITS / 8);
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  unsigned padding;
  unsigned i;
  
  /* The message is encoded as a string of the same length as the
   * modulo n, of the form
   *
   *   00 02 pad 00 message
   *
   * where padding should be at least 8 pseudorandomly generated
   * *non-zero* octets. */
     
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  if (length + 11 > key->size)
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    /* Message too long for this key. */
    return 0;

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  /* At least 8 octets of random padding */
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  padding = key->size - length - 3;
  assert(padding >= 8);
  
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  TMP_ALLOC(em, key->size - 1);
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  em[0] = 2;

  random(random_ctx, padding, em + 1);

  /* Replace 0-octets with 1 */
  for (i = 0; i<padding; i++)
    if (!em[i+1])
      em[i+1] = 1;
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  em[padding+1] = 0;
  memcpy(em + padding + 2, message, length);
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  nettle_mpz_set_str_256_u(gibbberish, key->size - 1, em);
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  mpz_powm(gibbberish, gibbberish, key->e, key->n);

  return 1;  
}